Diwali, the array of lights, falls on Kartik Amavasya. Read on to know more about Diwali and the date it falls on.
One of the most vibrant festivals celebrated in India, Diwali/Deepavali denotes 'array of lights', Projecting the glorious past of India, people celebrate Diwali by decorating their houses with lights and distributing sweets and gifts. Though Diwali is associated with many legends, the most popular among them is that related to Lord Rama. It is believed that Lord Rama returned to his Kingdom Ayodhya on this auspicious day, after his victory over Ravana. Celebrated as a five-day long festival, Diwali festivities include offering prayers to Goddess Lakshmi, bursting crackers, conducting feasts, exchanging gifts and lighting diyas. People also decorate their houses with skillfully designed and bright coloured Rangoli and small lamps (diyas) to welcome goddess of luck, hoping that the upcoming year would bring wealth and prosperity to them. Though Diwali is celebrated all over India, there are some regional differences in the rituals and days of celebrations. Read on to know more about Diwali and the way it is celebrated.
Diwali is celebrated as a five-day long festival that begins in the Month of Ashwin and extends to early Kartik. The actual date of Diwali determined using the Hindu Luni-solar calendar. Though the celebrations start on Ashwin Amavasya in the month of Ashwin, the actual day of Diwali falls on the month of Karthik.Diwali usually falls on Amavasya, the no moon day. The days in the month of Ashwin are usually darker and hence, they are in the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight), while the days in the month of Kartik are brighter and hence, they are in the Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight).
The Five Days Of Diwali
- Diwali is celebrated in five days and each day has its own significance, with one or other legend attached to it. The first day of Diwali is known as 'Dhanteras' or ''Dhan Trayodashi'. On this day, people offer prayers to goddess Lakshmi and buy silver utensils.
- The second day of Diwali is known as 'Narak Chaturdashi', which is popularly known as 'Chhoti Diwali'.
- The third day, which is the main day of Diwali, is also known by the name, 'Badi Diwali'. It is on this day that people perform pujas dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi for her blessings.
- On the fourth day of Diwali, people offer Govardhan Puja.
- The fifth Day of Diwali is popularly known as 'Bhai Dooj'. This day is mainly celebrated to strengthen the brother-sister relationship. People celebrate this day by bursting crackers, conducting social gatherings and exchanging gifts, sweets and greetings. Offering prayers to goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Kali, Lord Chitragupta and Govardhan Parvat is regarded auspicious on this occasion.
When Diwali approaches, people clean their households to get rid of bad luck in the coming year. People burst crackers, make feasts, exchange sweets and stay late. As per the belief, the goddess of Luck would make a visit to the households and people decorate their houses to welcome Goddess Lakshmi.
In 2016, Diwali falls on 30th of October.
Diwali, though falls in the months of October or November, it is celebrated in varied ways in various parts of India. Hope this article familiarizes you with the date of Diwali and the way it is celebrated.