Diwali is one of the prominent Indian festivals, celebrated with great enthusiasm throughout the country. The festival symbolizes the triumph of good over evil. People light 'diyas' or lamps and string lights across the rooftops to illuminate their homes and celebrate the day with crackers. At the entrances of homes, colorful 'rangolis' and flowers are displayed. People clean their houses thoroughly to welcome Goddess Lakshmi into their households. They wear traditional, new clothes and women adorn themselves with ornaments. In modern times, people enjoy shopping with their families and purchase clothes and sweets to gift to their loved ones. Delicious savories and sweets are prepared and shared among families and friends. Various games and programs are conducted and fireworks are exhibited outside houses and in public places.There are many legends associated with this festival. Scroll down and learn all about the history of Diwali.
Celebration Of Rama's Return
The festival of Diwali is believed to have originated from the 'Puranas' and can be traced back to the ancient times. Many legends are associated with the celebration of this festival .Among these legends, the commonly believed fable narrates the return of Lord Rama to his kingdom in Ayodhya, after defeating the 'asura' king Ravana. By lighting oil lamps, displaying rangoli designs, and decorating households, the people of Ayodhya rejoiced and welcomed their king, Lord Rama, his wife Sita and his younger brother Lakshmana.For centuries, this tradition of lighting 'diyas' and decorating homes with 'rangoli' has been passed down through generations.
The Defeat Of 'Narakasura'
'Narakasura' was an evil 'asura' who obtained a boon from Lord Brahma, to conquer the both the 'devas' and the mortals. As a result, he thrashed all who came in his path. Even Lord Indra, was dispelled from his own kingdom of 'Devaloka'. Mortified, Indra approached Lord Krishna for help. Lord Krishna along with his wife Satyabhama, headed to kill Naraka at night. It was Satyabhama who killed Naraka, for she was a woman, and the boon given to Narakasura applied only to men. This victory was celebrated by lighting of lamps and feasting.
The End Of Mahadevi's Dance
Legends state that, Goddess Mahadevi, the combined force of Goddess Lakshmi, Goddess Saraswati, and Goddess Parvati, killed Mahishasura, the evil asura who terrorized the world. After defeating the demon, Mahadevi danced on the earth in a state of euphoria with such force that it caused mayhem and chaos. No one dared to stop her; not even the Gods. It was on the fifteenth day of the month of Kartik when Goddess Mahadevi calmed down on seeing the bright lamps and feasts arranged by the people. To this day, the festival of Diwali is also celebrated to honor Goddess Mahadevi.
The Legend Of Goddess Lakshmi
Goddess Lakshmi appeared when the ocean was churned by devas and asuras in the quest to retrieve'Amrita' or the magic potion of immortality. She emerged out of the sea and stood on a blossomed lotus with a lotus garland around her neck. The festival of Diwali is celebrated to welcome goddess Lakshmi into the household, who is considered to be the bestower of wealth and prosperity.
Diwali is a beautiful festival, celebrated in India with a lot of zest. This festival symbolizes the transition from darkness to light. This day is also considered the most auspicious day to start new ventures, businesses. Diwali also marks the end of the harvest season and the beginning of a bright, new year. Happy Diwali!